Cbse 10 Syllabus 1st Term Paper

CBSE has released the Class 10 Science syllabus for the academic session 2017-2018. In this article you will get the complete syllabus of CBSE Class 10 Science.

This year as per the CBSE’s remodeled assessment structure which has made the CBSE Class 10 Board exams mandatory, the assessment scheme will have an 80 marks component for class 10 Board examination in all scholastic subjects along with a 20 marks component of Internal Assessment (IA).

Class 10th Science NCERT Book

General Instructions:

1. Out of 80 marks annual examination, 68 marks weightage shall be for theory and 12 marks weightage shall be for practical based questions.

4. For internal assessment

  • Three periodic tests will be conducted by the school. Average of the best two tests will be calulated that will have a weightage of 10 marks towards the final result.
  • Practical / Laboratory work should be done throughout the year that will have a weightage of 5 marks towards the final result.
  • Regularity, class work and home assignment completion along with neatness and upkeep of notebook will carry a weightage of 5 marks towards the final result.

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics and Science Tips and Strategies

So, before starting with the new session, students must be well aware about the latest CBSE syllabus.

Find below the complete syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Science:

CBSE Class 10 Science Unit-Wise Weightage

Unit No.

Unit Name



Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour



World of Living



Natural Phenomena



Effects of Current



Natural Resources






Internal assessment



Grand Total


Note: Above weightage includes the weightage of questions based on practical skills.

Theme: Materials

Unit I: Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour

(55 Periods)

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implication of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions : Combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds : Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compunds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Periodic classification of elements : Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

Theme: The World of the Living

Unit II: World of Living

(50 Periods)

Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Topic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals; Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV / AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution - Laws for inheritance of traits : Sex determination : brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.

Theme: Natural Phenomena

Unit III: Natural Phenomena          

(23 Periods)

 Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.

Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

Theme: How Things Work

Unit IV: Effects of Currect         

(32 Periods)

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, resistivity, Factors on which the resistane of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct Current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Theme: Natural Resources

Unit V: Natural Resources        

(20 Periods)

Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy : Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Management of natural resources: Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.


Praticals should be conducted alongside the concepts taught in theory classes.

List of Experiments:

1. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper / universal indicator:

(a) Dilute Hydrochloric Acid

(b) Dilute NaOH solution

(c) Dilute Ethanoic Acid Solution

(d) Lemon juice

(e) Water

(f) Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) by their reaction with:

(a) Litmus solution (Blue/Red)

(b) Zinc metal

(c) Solid sodium carbonate

2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:

(a) Combination reaction

(b) Decomposition reaction

(c) Displacement reaction

(d) Double displacement reaction

            (i) Action of water on quick lime

            (ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals 

            (iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution

            (iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions


3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions :

(a) ZnSO4 (aq)

(b) FeSO4 (aq)

(c) CuSO4 (aq)

(d) Al2(SO4)3 (aq)

Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.

5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.

6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):

(i) odour

(ii) solubility in water

(iii) effect on litmus

(iv) reaction with sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.

10. Determination of the focal length of:

(i) Concave mirror

(ii) Convex lens

 by obtaining the image of a distant object.

11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.

12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.

13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.

14. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.

15. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 10 Science: All Chapters


Class - X

Science (CODE NO. 086/090)          Time : 3 Hours                Max. Marks : 80

Typology of Questions

Number of questions of different types

Total Marks

Remembering (Knowledge based-

Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles or theories; Identify, define, or recite, information)

VSA – 2


SA (I) - None

SA (II) – 1

LA – 1

Understanding (Comprehension- to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)

VSA – None


SA (I) – 1

SA (II) – 4

LA – 2

Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situation; Use given content, interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)

VSA – None


SA (I) – 1

SA (II) – 2

LA – 2

Higher Order Thinking Skills

(Analysis & Synthesis-Classify,compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and /or integrate unique pieces of information

from  variety of sources)

VSA - None


SA (I) – None

SA (II) – 1

LA – 1

Inferential and Evaluative

(Appraise, judge and / or justify

the value or worth of a decision or

outcome, or to predict outcomes

based on values)

VSA – None


SA (I) – 1

SA (II) – 1+1*

LA -None

Total (Theory Based Questions)



Practical Based Questions (PBQs)

Only SA(I)-6





Abbreviations used are:

VSA: Very Short Answer (1 Mark)

SA (I): Short Answer –I (2 Marks)

SA (II): Short Answer –II (3 Marks)

LA (I): Long Answer (5 Marks)


1. Question paper will consist of 27 questions.

2. All questions would be compulsory. However, an internal choice will be provided in two questions of 3 marks each and one question of five marks.

*One question of 3 marks will be included to assess the values inherent in the texts.


1. Science - Textbook for class X - NCERT Publication

2. Assessment of Practical Skills in Science - Class X - CBSE Publication

3. Laboratory Manual - Science - Class X, NCERT Publication

4. Exemplar Problems Class X - NCERT Publication

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2017-2018

CBSE Class 10 English Communicative Syllabus 2017-2018

The CBSE syllabus is renowned globally for its format and the flexible pattern, which is also the reason for its stronghold in the field of primary education. You must keep yourself abreast of the latest changes in the syllabus to be able to do well in the examinations. Students appearing for the CBSE Board Examination must have a firm grip on the CBSE class 10 syllabus to get a good score. Here, we focus on the CBSE Class 10 syllabus and the course structure for all important subjects. So, read carefully.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus and Marking Scheme – Science

UnitTitleTerm I MarksTerm II Marks
IChemical Substances – Nature & Behaviour3323
IIWorld of Living2130
IIINatural Phenomenon29
IVEffects of Current29
VNatural Reesources78

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus and Marking Scheme – Maths

UnitTitleTerm I MarksTerm II Marks
INumber Systems11
VICoordinate Geometry11

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus and Marking Scheme – Social Science

UnitTitleTerm I MarksTerm II Marks
IIndia and the Contemporary World – II2323
IIContemporary India – II2323
IIIDemocratic Politics – II2222
IVUnderstanding Economic Development2222
VDisaster Management

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus and Marking Scheme – English

AReading Skills20
BWriting Skills with Grammar25
CLiterature Textbook and Extended Reading Text25
DAssessment of Speaking and Listening (ASL)20

Grammar  syllabus –

  • Tenses
  • Modals  (have  to/had  to,  must,  should,  need,  ought  to  and their  negative  forms)
  • Use  of  passive  voice
  • Subject  –  verb  concord
  • Reporting (i)  Commands  and  requests (ii)  Statements (iii)  Questions
  • Clauses: (i)  Noun  clauses (ii)  Adverb  clauses  of  condition  and  time (iii)  Relative clauses
  • Determiners
  • Prepositions
  • Articles
  • Conjunctions

Literature Textbook And Long Reading Text –

  • Prose/Poetry/Drama – Prescribed Book
  • First  Flight
  • Footprints Without Feet
  • Diary  of  a  Young  Girl  –  1947  By  Anne  Frank (unabridged text)
  • The  Story  of  My  Life  –  1903  By  Helen  Keller (unabridged text)

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus – Hindi

क्षितिज (काव्यखंड)] भाग -1स्पर्श (पघखंड)] भाग -2
1. सूरदास1. कबीर
2. तुलसीदास2. मोरा
3. दव3. बिहारो
4.  जयशंकर प्रसाद4. मथिलोशरण गुप्ता
5. सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी निराला5. समित्रानंदन पन्त
6. नागजन6. महादेवो वर्मा
7. गिरिराजकुमार माथर7. वीरेन डंगवाल
8. ऋतराज8. कैफ़ी आज़मी
9. मगलश डबराल9. रविन्द्र्नाथ ठाकुर
क्षितिज (गघखंड)स्पर्श (गघखंड)
10. स्वय प्रकाश1. प्रेम चन्द
11. रामवक्ष बनोपरो2. सीताराम सेकसरिया
12. यशपाल3. लीलाधर मंडलोई
13. सवश्वर दयाल सक्सना4. प्रह्लाद अग्रलवाल
14. मनन  भडारो5. अंतोन चेखव
15. महावरपसाद द्रिवेदी6. निदा फ़ाज़ली
16. यतोद मिश्र7. रवीन्द केकेकर
17. भंदत आनद कसल्यायन8. हबीब तनवीर
कृतिकाभाग -2संचयनभाग -2
1. माता का आँचल1. हरिहर काका
2. जॉर्ज पंचम की नाक2. सपनो के – से दिन
3. साना साना हाथ जोड़ि….3. टोपी शुक्ला
4. एही ठैया झुलनी हेरानी हो राम !
5. मैं क्यों लिखता हूँ?

Important Books For CBSE Class 10

ENGLISH·         Interact in English Workbook – A Text Book for English Communicative

·         Interaction in English – Literature Reader, A Textbook for English Course

HINDI·         Kshitij-2

·         Sparsh-2

·         Kritika-2

·         Sanchayan-2

MATHEMATICS·         Mathematics (Class 10) 7th Edition (Paperback) by R. D. Sharma

·         Secondary School Mathematics For Class – 10 (Paperback) by R. S. Aggarwal, V. Aggarwal

·         NCERT: Mathematics Textbook For Class – X (Paperback) by Ncert

·         Mathematics for Class X(Term – I) (With CCE Papers) 01 Edition (Paperback) by Dass H K

SCIENCE·         Science for Tenth Class: Physics (Part 1) 1st Edition (Paperback) by Singh Lakhmir

·         Oswaal CBSE CCE Question Bank with Complete Solutions Science Term 1 (Class 10) 1st Edition (Paperback) by Panel of Experts

·         Chemistry Science For Class – X (Part -2) 1st Edition (Paperback) by Manjit Kaur, Lakhmir Singh

·         Biology: Science For Class – 10 (Part – 3) 1st Edition (Paperback) by Singh Lakhmir Kaur Manjit

·         All in One Science CBSE Class 10th Term – 1 2nd Edition (Paperback) by Rajesh,

·         Foundation Science Physics for Class 10 PB by Verma H C

·         NCERT: Science Textbook For Class – X (Paperback) by Ncert

SOCIAL SCIENCE·         Full Marks Social Science Class 10 (Set of 2 Books Term 1 & Term 2) (Paperback) by Full Marks

·         CBSE CCE Social Science: Question Bank with Complete Solutions Term – 2 (Class – 10) 1st Edition (Paperback) by Panel Of Experts

·         All in One Social Science CBSE Term 1 (Class 10) 2nd Edition (Paperback) by Kaibalya Kishore Kar, Madhumita Pattrea

CBSE Class 10 Important Dates 2018

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced the final CBSE 10th Exam timetable 2018. They have planned the CBSE 10th exam timetable 2018 efficiently by keeping in mind the exact requirements of the students. According to the board, the exam date has been announced early so that students can make up their schedule planned and study according to it.

Please keep in mind that from 2017, the Board will now follow an interdisciplinary approach to inculcate values in school children. Therefore, it will introduce value-based questions in all major subjects from Class 9 to Class 12. The questions will purely be content-based and will be marked depending on the values they reflect.

We’ve also compiled a subject-wise marking scheme for your easy understanding.

CBSE Class 10 Date Sheet 2018

Even though the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) had initially confirmed that it would conduct class 10 exams in March, the datesheet is still not released. But as per recent reports, it is expected to be released soon as the practicals are scheduled to commence from January 16. It is suggested that you keep a strict watch on the official website.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is going to publish class 10 date sheet in the first week of January 2018. It is planning to release the date sheet after the election dates are declared for four states: Meghalaya, Tripura, Nagaland and Karnataka. You can go ahead and check your exam dates on the official website,

Steps to check:

  • Logon to the official website
  • Click on the available link, ‘CBSE Date Sheet Class 10, Class 12’
  • Once you click on the same, the date sheet will show up on the screen
  • Take a printout for future reference

The CBSE board also has plans to wrap up the exams within a month to be able to give more time to teachers for evaluating answer sheets. Currently, the exams start from March and end by the third week of April.

As per latest updates, the Board has asked all schools to ensure that all teachers who teach classes 9 to 12, for all subjects, need to register themselves on the examination portal and fill the teachers’ database.

Every year, as we know, the board organises the exam in the month of March and April and the results are out by the month of May and June.

A proposal has been sent by the Board to introduce more time for evaluation, hit to the headlines, and create more curiosity about the exam dates. However, this year in 2018, there are many speculations that the Board may start the exam by the last week of February because of the Holi festival. If you are going to give the exam, then don’t rush into a conclusion and wait for the official announcements instead. CBSE board will notify all the candidates about the board exam date 2018 on its official website

Exam Preparation Tips

  • In today’s times, board exams are not anymore about ‘mugging’ or ‘cramming’ anymore. These days, open book assessments encourage students to build up analytical and problem-solving skills in Class IX and XI aim. Let’s take a look at a few tips to score well in Class 10 CBSE board exams, without compromising on the quality of education you get.
  • Find a positive study corner: It’s crucial to find a good study environment as it goes a long way in improving your focus. If you don’t find a separate room to study, settle with a quiet corner for yourself in your house.
  • Please do not ignore health & fitness: A healthy mind is only possible when you have a healthy body, so pay attention to your fitness. Completely avoid junk food and sugar and drink a lot of water and fluids. Indulge in some outdoor sports and do physical exercises regularly.
  • Keep fun as a reward: Don’t think that watching TV, playing computer games or talking to friends is always a distraction for school-going students. The fun part is that you can keep aside some time in a day to do these things as a ‘reward’ to yourself whenever you stick to your timetable successfully.

Other Important information

About the Board:

The Central Board of Secondary Education (abbreviated as CBSE) is a Board of Education that is specially designed for public and private schools, under the Union Government of India. It was set up on November 3, 1962.

As per the official website, the main focus of the board is on:

  • Ensuring innovations in teaching and learning methodologies by tactfully creating student friendly paradigms
  • Introducing reforms and evaluation practices in examinations
  • Adding job-oriented and job-linked inputs for skill learning
  • Updating the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators regularly by organizing service training programmes, workshops etc.

So that’s all for today, we hope the information mentioned above is useful for your Class 10 board exam preparations. We strongly recommend that you practice the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10.

You can also prepare for class 10th courses by joining us and availing our free course material.

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