Feudal Europe And Japan Similarities And Differences
Feudal Japan and Feudal Europe had similarities and differences. Both Feudal Japan and Feudal Europe had professional warriors, for Japan it was the samurai, and for Europe the knights. They both had religious beliefs such as Buddhism and Christianity. Japan was an island and was isolated, whereas Europe wasn’t isolated nor an island. Feudal Japan lasted from 1185-1603, while Feudal Europe lasted from the 9th to the 15th centuries.
Japan lasted from 1185-1603. During that time Japan had emperors, shoguns, daimyos, samurai, and peasants who were all apart of a social class, and all together it was called the Samurai Society. The emperor was just a figurehead for the shogun. The shogun was a powerful military leader that ruled in the emperor’s name. Daimyo were powerful landlords. The daimyo often led armies of samurai. These samurai were trained professional warriors who served daimyo and shoguns. The samurai had to follow a certain code of rules for samurai called Bushido. One of their rules included to always have self-discipline to become a good samurai. The samurai warriors wore light armor, helmets (usually shaped like an animal), and had two swords around their waist. Their armor had a lot of detail and color to it, like their unique helmets. After the samurai comes the peasants, which included farmers and fishermen. They usually always work, then pay takes to the shogun. They usually gave the shogun what they earned from working like food or crops. What made their jobs a bit difficult was their topography. Japan’s topography included many mountains, undersea volcanoes, and barely any flat land to farm on. The Japanese didn’t only work they also practiced their religion. For example, they practiced Confucianism, Buddhism ( Zen and Pure Land Buddhism) and their traditional religion Shinto. They also put their religion in their daily lives too. For example, they put nature themes into their art and literature because their religion was based on these calming nature themes. The Japanese based their lives on the Samurai Society, and their religion.
Europe began through the 9th century all the way until the 15th centuries. They used a Feudal Society. They used the Feudal Society to separate the social classes, the highest rank to the lowest. The kings and queens were the highest ranking, and after the nobles. Then we have the knights, then peasants. The kings and queens, also known as the lords, had all the power. The noble sand knights were the lords vassal. A vassal was someone who promised to support a lord in exchange for land. This was what also caused...
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Transcript of Comparison of Medieval Europe and Feudal Japan
Comparison of Medieval Europe and Feudal Japan
Use this to revise what we've been learning this year. It will also help you with your upcoming assignment!
Structure of Society
Health and Hygiene
The organisation of people and land
Japan's feudal system started in 1185 when Minamoto no Yoritomo defeated his enemies and declared himself shogun.
The emperor became a symbolic position.
Shogun: Great barbarian-conquering general
Europe's feudal period started peacefully. The French king, Charlemagne introduced the system in France in the 8th century to help organise society.
Other European countries followed his idea because it worked so well.
Shogunate Japan had many levels of peasants depending on how much you contribute to society.
The more you did for people, the more important you were.
In Europe, if you were a peasant, you were a peasant!
Hinin and eta were considered 'non-human' because they did jobs that were against the laws of Buddhism, such as work with BLOOD.
Merchants may have been among the richest people in Japanese society, but they were considered the lowest of the low because they did not contribute anything to society.
Even the most basic of Japanese houses had some form of decoration - fancy roof structure, rice paper windows, etc.
Japanese streets were kept nice and clean. Hygiene was very important.
In Medieval Europe, the streets were covered in rubbish and sewerage that was thrown out the window!
The rivers were filthy too.
Cleanliness and appearance was important in Japan. Their bodies and clothes were neat and clean and their hair done intricately.
According to Shinto, cleanliness was very important
Medieval Europeans bathed about twice a year. They didn't understand the link between death and disease.
Japanese people bathed daily and thought the dirty Europeans were barbarians.
Medieval Europeans used medical procedures such as leaching and bleeding.
The Shogunate Japanese used medicine based on traditional Chinese medicine.
Europe's Renaissance began around the 14th Century. It was a period of learning, science, art, discovery and exploration. They began re-learning skills that had been lost when the Roman Empire collapsed and the Dark Ages began.
Japan never had a 'Dark Ages', but it did have periods with the same qualities as the European Renaissance.
The Heian Period (794-1185) was a
time of art and culture
The Tokugawa Period (1603-1869) was a period of peace and learning.
In Medieval Europe, the only acceptable religion was Christianity.
EVERYONE had to go to Church, say their prayers and listen to sermons. If you didn't, you could be accused of being a WITCH!
Church services and the Bible were all in Latin; a language not many people could understand. Sometimes, the priests couldn't even understand it!
In Japan, there were three main religions that worked together.
Shinto focusses on family values, cleanliness and the environment.
Confucianism focusses on respect andthe relationship between leaders and underlings.
Buddhism is about treating others well, not hurting living things, and achieving peace.
Both societies had a warrior class: knights and samurai
Both sets of warriors had a code to follow: Chivalry and Bushido
European Castles were defending by 1 or 2 curtain walls, towers and battlements, a moat and drawbridge, loopholes to fire out of.
Japanese castles had a maze of walls, passages and moats, many gates (with traps) to pass through, and paths lined with loopholes through which to fire.
Women could be Samurai too! Their job was to defend the home from attack.
Made by Mrs Dobson