Montgomery Bus Boycott Essay
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The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama. The law said that black people had to sit in the back of the bus while the the white people sat in the front. Bus drivers often referred to black people on the bus as nigger, black cow, or black ape. Blacks had to pay in the front of the bus and they had to get off to go threw the side door to sit in the back.
Dr. Martin Luther King jr., was born on January 15,1929 but died April 4, 1968. Martin king attended segregated public schools in Georgia. Dr. king was so smart that he graduated from high school at the age of 15 and got a B.A degree in 1948 from an all time best black college back then named Morehouse. When Dr. King went…show more content…
The post-war era marked a period of no energy against the second-class citizenship. According to African Americans in many part of the nation said they were being treated badly and no one could change that. One day they had to change their mind about nothings going to change and that day was the day the Montgomery bus boycott started.
On the morning of parks trial buses rumbled nearly empty through the streets of Montgomery. By the next morning the council led by Jo Ann Robinson had printed 52,000 fliers asking, Montgomery blacks to stay off the buses. It was an important and an accepted rule that whites sit in the front and the African American riders had to sit in the back of all buses. A group of about 50 African American leaders and one white minister, Robert Graetz, gathered in the basement of Dr. King?s church to endorse the boycott and begin planning a massive rally.
Rosa parks was part of an organization called the NAACP. The NAACP stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Mrs. parks was not the first African American to be arrested for this crime. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist church in Montgomery and some whites planned to ruin it but it never happened. Dr.king told the crowd that the only way they could fight back would be to boycott the bus company.
King and other African American community leaders held another meeting
Show MoreOn December 1st, 1955, something extraordinary happened. An African American seamstress known as Rosa Parks preformed a bold action when she chose not to abandon her seat on the bus to a white man who needed it. In modern times, this wouldn’t be such a big deal. However, back in the 1900s, when there was an immense amount of racial segregation, it was a huge deal. Any African American who disobeyed a white could be severely punished. Sometimes the blacks were killed by the whites. Once again, it wasn’t as big of a deal back then. None of the whites ever believed it was a concern, and they never considered themselves murderers. After being told to move, and refusing, Parks got arrested and fined ten dollars (American Woman’s History). Her…show more content…
The first ten rows of the bus were reserved for the whites, and the few back rows were for the blacks. If there were not enough seats in the white section, the blacks had to either move back or get off the bus. This was the start of Rosa’s bus incident. A white man asked Rosa to let him have her seat, and she refused. The bus driver asked Parks and three other African American passengers to move. The three other African Americans did as they were told, but Parks remained in her seat. Eventually, Rosa was forced off of the bus. She was arrested and fined ten dollars (American Woman’s History). After the word got around about Rosa’s actions, African Americans felt the need to protest. On December 5, 1955, the civil rights leaders of Montgomery called a one day boycott of the local busses. Every African American in Montgomery had to stay off of any public transportation. If they did not, there would be a smaller chance of them getting any equality at all. The only way that the African Americans knew they would have a chance of getting what they wanted was to be extremely persistent. If they weren’t persistent, they would most likely get overlooked by the whites. They had to command the whites give them respect. Some of the blacks rode in cars together, but most of them walked on foot. Many had to walk miles to get to where they needed to go. When the whites tried to prevent the boycott, African Americans decided to extend the boycott to about