Karshika Keralam Essay Checker


The Director of Agriculture is the head of the Department. The department has offices at the regional, district and Panchayat levels. It has a presence in all the village panchayat through Krishi Bhavans. There is a directorate of soil conservation, which has a soil conservation wing and soil survey wing. They undertake investigation preparation, and execution of all the soil conservation work.Agriculture Production Commissioner heads the Agriculture department and under him there is Secretary Agriculture and Secretary Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development. There are separate field departments for Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development.



Department Sections

Phone No.


Agriculture (Establishment - A) Department

0471- 2518253


Agriculture (Establishment - B) Department

0471- 2517106


Agriculture (planning - A) Department

0471- 2518958


Agriculture (planning - B) Department

0471- 2517340


Agriculture (NCA) Department

0471- 2518019


Agriculture  (Farms) Department

0471- 2517159


Agriculture (P U) Department

0471- 2518528


Agriculture (Agri.) Department

0471- 2518070


Agriculture  (IFA) Department

0471- 2518796


Agriculture  (PPM cell) Department

0471- 2461452


Agriculture  (PS) Department

0471- 2518130


Agriculture  (WTO Cell) Department

0471- 2517169


Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (Dairy) Department

0471- 2518728


Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (AHE) Department

0471- 2518569


Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (AHF) Department

0471- 2518754


Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (AHG) Department

0471- 2518506


1. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (Establishment - A) Department




EA 1

  1. Establishment papers except disciplinary action of the following officers of Agriculture Department.
    • Additional Director
    • Joint Director
    • Deputy Director
    • Assistant Director
    • Assistant Engineer
    • Assistant Executive Engineer
    • Executive Engineer
    • Assistant Soil Chemist
    • Senior Grade Scientific Assistant.
  2. Delegation of powers of the officers of Agriculture Department.
  3. Special Rules of Agricultural State Services.
  4. DPC I of Agriculture Department.
  5. Revision of orders and manuals of Agriculture Department
  6. Miscellaneous LA Questions of the section.

EA 2

  1. Establishment papers of Agricultural Officer, Agricultural Assistants and Field Supervisors of Agriculture Department.
  2. Disciplinary action in respect of Agricultural Assistants & Agricultural Filed Officers.
  3. All papers related to:

·         Organization and set up of Agriculture Department

·         Krishi Bhavans

  1. Land owned by Agriculture Department
  2. Miscellaneous papers of the section.

EA 3

  1. Disciplinary action of the following officers of Agriculture Department.

·         Agricultural Field Officers

·         Agricultural Officers

·         Assistant Director of Agriculture

·         Deputy Director of Agriculture

·         Joint Director of Agriculture

·         Additional Director of Agriculture

  1. Papers relating to Special Vigilance Cell.



2Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (Establishment - B) Department




0471- 2517106

EB 1

Establishment papers of Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Department.

Revision of Codes and Manuals of Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Dept.

Review of Administrative Report of Soil Survey and Soil Conservation Dept.

EB 2

  • All papers related to deputation of officers of Agriculture Department, Soil Survey and Soil Conservation Department and Farm Information Bureau for Trainings, Festivals, Seminars, Conferences and Workshops including papers for training and deputation received from GAD and P & AR Department.
  • Deployment of staff of Agriculture Dept. to Local Self Govt Institutions.
  • All papers related to vehicles of Farm Information Bureau and Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Department.
  • Convening of Farm Information Bureau meetings.
  • Mass Media (including Government of India), Booklets, Journals, Newsletters, Press Release, advertisement, Farm Guides, Short films/video, website etc.
  • Kissan Kerala Project.
  • Awards to farmers and officials of Agriculture Department.
  • Administrative sanction for advertisements.
  • Annual Maintenance Contract (AMC) to Photocopier/Risso/Fax of Agriculture Department, Soil Survey and Soil Conservation Department and Farm Information Bureau.
  • All papers related to purchase and maintenance of furniture for Agriculture Dept., Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Dept and Farm Information Bureau.
  • Other establishment papers
  • Miscellaneous papers of the section.

EB 3

  • Papers related to the scheme of employment assistance to dependents/relatives of public servants (dying in harness) in respect of Agriculture Department, Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Department and Farm Information Bureau.
  • Establishment papers of ministerial staff including non-gazetted officers of Agriculture Department.
  • Review of Administrative Report of Agriculture Department.


  1. 3. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (planning -A) Department



0471- 2518958

PA 1

Centrally Sponsored Schemes in Agriculture and Soil Survey & Soil Conservation.

Review of progress report of centrally sponsored schemes

National Projects on Biogas development.

Non-conventional energy sources including Biogas and Biomass.

Bio-diesel and Getropha plant.

Pokkali and Kariland cultivation.

Kariland Development Agency.

Micro irrigation(Drip & Sprinkler Irrigation).

Lift Irrigation

Construction, Repair and Maintenance of bunds, ponds and canals for agricultural purposes.

Monthly review of development activities.

State Level Nodal Agency for Watershed (NWDPRA)

Miscellaneous papers of the section.

PA 2

  • All papers related to:
    • State schemes removed from the list of centrally sponsored schemes under Agriculture and Soil Survey & Soil Conservation.
    • District and State Level Co-ordination Committees on Agricultural Production Programme.
    • Programmes under Agro Climatical Zonal Team.
    • Extension activities in Agriculture Department.
    • National Food Security Programme.
    • National Development Council.
    • Haritha.
    • ATMA.
    • SAMETI
    • LEEDS
    • Bio Resource cum Agro-service Centre
    • National Horticulture Mission
    • National Organic Farming Programme
    • Rashtriya Krishi Vinjhan Yojana (RKVY), except project preparation and monitoring.
    • Lease land cultivation
  • General papers relating to contract farming and group farming

PA 3

  • All papers related to:
    • Paddy (cultivation, production, conservation, procurement, marketing, and supporting prize)
    • Paddy Development Agencies.
    • Paddy Board.
    • Production bonus to paddy farmers.
    • Padasekhara Samities.
    • Aquaculture in Padasekharams.
    • Fallow paddy land cultivation.
    • Rice Bio-Park
    • Upland paddy cultivation (കരനെല്‍കൃഷി)
  • Free power for agriculture purposes.
  • State Food Security Programme
  • All papers related to District Development Council (Jilla Vikasana Samiti)


4. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (planning - B) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518130





PB 1

  • All papers related to:
  • Coconut Cultivation
  • Cashew, sugarcane, banana, spices, vanilla and mushroom including their cultivation, value added products and State Schemes.
    • Floriculture
    • Tissueculture and Tissueculture lab.
    • Hi-tech farming.
  • Organic farming and Organic Farming Policy.
  • Plan Schemes on Private Nurseries.
  • Pension schemes for small and marginal farmers.
  • Karshika Vikasana Samiti.
  • Vanilla Marketing crisis.
  • State Horticulture Mission, EEC assisted horticulture development and miscellaneous papers on horticulture.
  • National and State Medicinal Plant Boards and other papers related to medicinal plants.
  • Kerala Land Use Commission.
  • Special Employment Programme for One Lakh Youth.
  • Karshaka Raksha Insurance and other insurance schemes for farmers.
  • Kisan Abhiman Pension programme and other pension schemes for farmers.
  • Papers related to Kerala Agricultural Workers Welfare Fund Board.
  • Miscellaneous papers of the section

PB 2

  • All papers related to:
    • Arecanut cultivation.
    • Tapioca and other tuber crops, pepper, cocoa and vegetables and fruits other than banana including their cultivation, value added products and State Schemes.
    • Precision farming.
    • Budget speech
    • Budget estimate (Plan & Non-plan) of Agriculture Department, Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Department and Farm Information Bureau.
    • State Plan Schemes of Agriculture and Soil Survey & Soil Conservation Departments and Farm Information Bureau.
    • Plan Schemes for pepper.
    • Fallow land cultivation except paddy.
    • Agriculture Development Policy (Karshika Vikasana Nayam).
    • Vegetable and Fruit Promotion Council Kerala (VFPCK)
  • Monitoring of State Plan Schemes & Plan Progress Review.
  • Monitoring of 20 point programme.
  • Special Schemes/Projects/Packages for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities.
  • Working group meeting in respect of Agriculture Department and Department of Soil Survey and Soil Conservation

  2. 5. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (NCA) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518019





  • All papers related to: 
    • Coconut Development Board.
    • Procurement of raw coconut and copra.
    • Support price to coconut and copra.
    • Installation of copra dryers.
    • Soil Testing Laboratories (Excluding establishment)
    • Quality Control Laboratories (Excluding establishment)
    • Agmark Grading Laboratories (Excluding establishment)
  • Kuttanad Package.
  • Idukki Package.
  • National Commission for Agricultural Cost and Prices
  • Rubber (including cultivation) and Rubber Board


  • Kerala Land Utilization Order 1967.
  • Revision petitions filed under Kerala Land Utilization Order.
  • Committee constituted to study the gravity of illegal conversion of paddy land & the remedial measures for it.
  • Kerala Conservation of Paddyland and Wetland Act, 2008.


  • All papers (excluding establishment) related to:
    • Regulated markets including Agriculture Marketing Bill.
    • Madras Commercial Crops Marketing Act and Rules.
    • Malabar Market Committee, Calicut.
    • Agricultural Market Intervention Schemes.
    • Price support schemes to cash crops, spices etc.
    • Spices Board.
    • State Agricultural Prices Board.
    • Plant diseases.
    • Pesticides & insecticides
    • Bio Fertilizer Laboratory (Excluding establishment)
    • Parasite Breeding Stations (Excluding establishment)
    • Bio-Control Lab (Excluding establishment)
  • Kerala Plant Diseases and Pests Act, 1972.
  • Spraying against Eryiophid mite.
  • Kerala Centre for Pest Management.
  • Miscellaneous papers of the section

6.  Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (Farms) Department

Phone : 0471- 2517159



AF 1

  • All papers related to:
    • Agricultural farms
    • Agricultural farm labourers and contingency employees of Agriculture Department.
    • Seed Act and Seed Rules.
    • Seed stores, Seed farms & Godowns
    • Seed Committee
    • Seed Testing Laboratories.
    • Kerala State Seed Development Authority.
    • Production, storage, preservation & Distribution of seeds.
    • Coconut seed germination.
    • Procurement cost of coconut seedlings and paddy seeds
    • Nurseries & Nurseries Registration Act.
    • Neera.
    • National e-Governance Programme (NeGP)
    • IT, IDEAS, SPARK, DDFS, e-Office

AF 2

  • All papers related to:
    • Agricultural Research and Extension Co-ordination Boards.
    • Krishi Vigyan Kendras.
    • Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)
    • Kerala Agricultural University.
    • Admission to other Agricultural Universities.
    • All Research Stations and Agronomic Experiments.
    • Regional Agricultural Technology Training Centre.
    • Genetically modified Crops.

AF 3

  • All papers related to:
    • Accomodation (Construction, shifting and maintenance of building)
    • Rent of building.
    • Tribal Resettlement and Development Mission, Kerala.
    • Deseeya Karshaka Thozhilali Federation.
  • Inspection reports from the Stores Purchase Department.
  • Strengthening of Agriculture Engineering Wing.
  • Establishment papers of Non Gazetted technical staff, Class IV employees, driver, Part time Sweeper and Casual Sweeper of Agriculture Department.
  • Miscellaneous papers of the section


7Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (P U) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518528


    Agriculture  (P U) Department

    Phone : 0471- 2518528

    PU 1

    All papers related to:

    • Plantation Corporation of Kerala.
    • Oil Palm India Ltd.
    • Horticultural Products Development Corporation.
    • Trivandrum Rubber Works

    PU 2

    All papers related to:

    • Kerala State Coconut Development Corporation.
    • State Warehousing Corporation of Kerala.
    • State Farming Corporation of Kerala.
    • Nadukkara Agro Processing Company.
    • Establishment of cold storages.
    • Vazhakkulam Agro & Fruit Processing Company
    • Kerala Pineapple Mission

    PU 3

    All papers related to:

    • Kerala Land Development Corporation
    • Kerala Agro Industries Corporation
    • Kerala Agro Machinery Corporation
    • Miscellaneous papers of the section

8. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (Agri.) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518070





AG 1

  • All papers related to:
    • Chief Secretary's Conference, MP's Conference, Collectors' Conferences, Staff Meeting etc.
    • Governor's address
    • Rainwater harvesting.
    • Result Framework Document (RFD)
    • Wayanad Package.
    • Dr.Prabhakaran Commission Report (Kasaragod Development Package)
  • General miscellaneous papers of the Department.
  • Revision of Subject Distribution Order of Agriculture Department
  • Miscellaneous papers of the section.

AG 2

  • All papers related to:
    • Suicide of farmers
    • Crop loss due to natural calamities (Flood, Drought, Saline water intrusion etc.)
    • Kerala Farmers Debt Relief Commission Act, 2006.
    • Kerala State Farmers' Debt Relief Commission.
    • Prime Minister's Special Rehabilitation Package for the distress affected districts of Wayanad, Palakkad & Kasaragod.

AG 3

  • All papers related to:
    • Fertilizer Control Order 1985
    • Zonal Fertilizer Conferences.
    • Allocation of fertilizer from Central Government to State.
    • Periodical report on supply of fertilizer from firms.
    • Vehicles of Agriculture Department.
    • Small Farmers Agri-business Consortium (SFAC)
    • Consolidation of Monthly Business Statement of the Department
  • Papers related to various crop insurance schemes:
    • State Crop Insurance Scheme.
    • National Agricultural Insurance Scheme.
    • Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme.
    • Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme.
  • Crop cutting experiments and preparation of crop statistics.

9. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (IFA) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518796




  • All papers related to:
    • Agricultural implements including pumpsets, petty-para etc.
    • Supply and recovery of short term/medium term/long term loans on schemes announced by Government of Kerala/Government of India.
    • Institutional credit to farmers.
    • State Level Bankers' Committee (SLBC) meetings.
    • Agro Service Centre and service delivery and related matters.
    • Karshika Karma Sena
    • Agro Clinics.
    • Pumping Subsidy given to farmers.
    • Micro watersheds/ Neerthada Padhathi/Nirmary.
    • Coconut oil and other value added products from coconut except Neera
  • Miscellaneous papers of the section


  • All papers related to:
    • NABARD assisted RIDF schemes in all districts.
    • Registration of farmers & Agricard
    • Subsidy & e-payment to farmers.
    • Sahasra Sarovar Project.
    • Ponnani Kole Development Agency
    • Thrissur Kole Development Agency
    • Thrissur Ponnani Integrated Kole Development Schemes
    • Onattukara Vikasana Agency.
  • General papers relating to soil conservation and NABARD.

10. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (PPM cell) Department

Phone : 0471- 2461452





PPM Cell

  • Preparation of projects seeking financial assistance from Government of India and external agencies.
  • Preparation of Policy papers and concept notes related to agriculture.
  • Preparation and monitoring of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana(RKVY) projects

11. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (PS) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518130






  • All papers related to consolidation of:
    • L.A. Interpellations and Assurances.
    • Audit paras.
    • Inspection Report of AG.
    • Report of C& AG of India.
    • Reports of Public Accounts Committee, Public Undertakings Committee, Estimates Committee, Subject Committee and other Legislature Committees.
  • Reply to miscellaneous L.A Interpellations, Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha questions referred from other departments.
  • Papers related to progress in implementation of official language (ഔദ്യോഗിക ഭാഷാമാറ്റ പുരോഗതി)

12. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (WTO Cell) Department

Phone : 0471- 2517169



    WTO Cell

    • The WTO Cell set up in the Agriculture Department in 2004 looks into matters related to trade in Agriculture in general and specifically on issues related to foreign trade policy, WTO & Regional Trade agreement intellectual property rights affecting Agriculture. It also looks into the functioning of EEC aided wholesale market, AEZ Projects, plan review exercise and L.A.R cases related to EEC markets.

13. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (Dairy) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518728

  1. Plan Schemes of Dairy Development Department including Central Sector Schemes.
  2. Budget papers of Dairy Development Department.
  3. General Sector Schemes benefiting SC/ST.
  4. Establishment papers of all officers of the Dairy Development Department.
  5. All papers relating to Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation and the three milk Unions and 
    APCOS/Co-operative Milk Societies.
  6. Residuary papers on kottayam Dairy Projects and other allied subject
  7. OP's relating to Milk Societies.
  8. All papers relating to Flood II Programme.
  9. Swiss Aided Dairy Project.
  10. Papers relating to Motor Vehicles and purchase of Stores of Dairy Department.
  11. Administration Report of Dairy Department.
  12. Papers not alloted to any other seats in the section.
  13. Papers on Sewage Farms under Dairy Department.

14Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (AHE) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518569

  1. All Establishment matters relating to AH Department including farm labourers
  2. All papers relating to appointment under compassionate employment scheme in Directorate of 
    Animal Husbandry.
  3. Papers of continuance of temporary non-gazetted posts in the Directorate of Animal Husbandry.
  4. Special rules of Animal Husbandry Subordinate service.
  5. Establishment papers of Livestock Inspectors.
  6. Delegation of powers to officers of Animal Husbandry Department.
  7. Papers relating to charge allowance to officers of A.H.D. and their Deputation, Seminars/Training outside to state.
  8. All papers relating to Special Recruitment.
  9. Establishment papers of Sr. Superintendents/Administrative Assistants/ Accounts Officers etc. 
    (including disciplinary action)
  10. Papers not allotted to other branches in this Section.
  11. All papers relating to Gazetted Officers of the Animal Husbandry Department.
  12. Special Rules for Animal Husbandry State Service.


15. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (AHF) Department

Phone : 0471- 2518754

  1. All papers relating to K. L. D. B.
  2. All papers relating to Kerala State Poultry Development Corporation.
  3. Papers on cattle improvement Assets and others selected through special employment programme.
  4. All papers relating to Meat Products of India.
  5. Papers of Kerala Feeds Ltd. (including budget)
  6. Papers on New Veterinary/Dairy Colleges and the proposed Veterinary University.
  7. Papers on LIPCOS/SPCAs including Budget.
  8. Amendment/Additions to the existing Acts/Rules of Animal Husbandry Department and all papers relating to 
    Indian Veterinary Council/Kerala State Veterinary Council.
  9. Artificial Insemination facilities.
  10. Miscellaneous papers/petitions and consolidation work of the Animal Husbandry and dairy Departments.
  11. Papers on Meetings/Seminars/Exhibitions etc.
  12. Papers not allotted to other branches in this Section.

    16. Agriculture Development & Farmers' Welfare (AHG) Department
  13.  Phone : 0471- 2518506
  1. Plan Schemes of Animal Husbandry Department.
  2. Budget papers of Animal Husbandry Department.
  3. Papers relating to Central Sector Schemes in A.H.D.General Sector Schemes.
  4. Benefiting Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes.
  5. Livestock Census.
  6. Special Animal Husbandry Programme.
  7. Review of 20 point programme.
  8. Annual Administration Report of Animal Husbandry Department.
  9. Miscellaneous papers of the AHG Section.
  10. Write off of birds/animals died.
  11. Papers relating to Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, Palode.
  12. Construction works of Department of Animal Husbandry.
  13. Opening of Veterinary Dispensaries,Hospitals, Sub Centres etc.
  14. Shifting of Veterinary Institutions of A.H.D.
  15. Compensation to loss sustained on natural calamities.
  16. Papers relating to purchase of feed ingredients, medicine chemicals.
  17. Follow up action on non-supply/defective supply medicine feed etc.
  18. Purchase and repair of Sundry articles and various equipment of the A.H.D.
  19. Condemnation of artices not useful to the A.H.D.
  20. Write off/loss due to theft and natural calamities.
  21. Settlement of dues payable on account of purchase of feed etc.
  22. Inspection report of Stores Purchase Department, Finance Department and Accountant General.
  23. Purchase of vehicles of Animal Husbandry Department.

Agriculture plays a crucial role in Indian economy. Almost 60 percent of the Indian workforce is involved in agriculture, but that has not resulted in substantial growth of the sector. In fact, its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has dwindled to less than 25 percent. It is time that students explore this largely unknown arena.

Most students are well aware of the streams like engineering and medicine, and post-graduate degrees like the MBA. But you may have not given any thought to a B.Sc in Agriculture, in spite of the fact that agriculture is a part of the NCERT syllabus for Class 10+2 for science students, and you prepared the chapter for your board exams.

The demand for trained professionals in the field of agriculture is high. The course fee is negligible, barely Rs. 5,000 per year. Scholarships are also available (view tablebelow). A student who has completed a B.Sc in Agriculture will get a well-paying job right after graduation.

It was in the mid-1960s, Dr. DS Kothari, the then Chairman of the UGC, proposed that each state should have at least one agricultural university, a move that was implemented across the country. This resulted in the setting up of  49 such universities, both by the state and the central government.

Best Schools:GB Pant, TNAU
Qualifications:10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and/or Mathematics as subjects (may vary)
Our advice: This degree provides an interdisciplinary experience catering to varied interests and aptitudes. It’s advisable to pursue an MSc in Agriculture;
Career scope: Agricultural departments, extension services, research organisations, financial sector with focus on agriculture, micro-finance institutions , academia, fertiliser companies, agri-biotech organisations, commercial farming players

Scholarships and awards available

  • Boyscast Fellowship

  • British Crop Protection Council Award

  • Commonwealth Fellowship

  • INSA Fellowship

  • Young Scientist Award

  • Rotary International GSE Fellowship

  • APSI Distinguished Plant Scientist Award

  • Fellow of the Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding

  • Fellow of the Indian Society of Extension Education

  • Best paper award and other awards

  • Award for distinguished service

A knowledge-based curriculum

Typically, a BSc in Agriculture is a four-year course, though some universities or institutes offer a five-year course. The curriculum vary, from learning about soil science to agricultural meteorology, and there is a balance between theory and practicals. Your last year will comprise hands-on training, which helps in tying up all you have learned in the first three years, to make you job-ready.

Agriculture is very diverse and the curriculum allows you to choose areas of interest to you. “Students interested in physical, biological, chemical, and computer science can specialise, based on their interest and aptitude. Even an interest in engineering or journalism (writing about agriculture), finds an avenue here,” shares Prof. H. S. Gaur, Dean and Joint Director Education (Former), Indian Agricultural Research Institute. 

Engineering enthusiasts can study Agricultural Engineering. If numbers and calculations excite you, you can take up Mathematical Statistics. Marketing has its own space within the field of agriculture, and so do chemistry and biology. You can also opt for Agri-Botany, Agri-Biotechnology, Agri-Chemistry, Agri-Economics, Agri-Extension, Agronomy, Agri-Engineering and Social forestry (view table for various disciplines).

Depending on your aptitude, you will find ways to explore them in agriculture, especially in forecasting and productivity improvement domains.
Teaching, research and extension activities are three vital components of any agriculture college. Extension, which is applicable to all aspects of agriculture, allows you to take the knowledge you have accumulated back to the farmers through field trips, conferences or hands-on experience.

Choosing an institute
It is advisable to choose an institution, which is a member of the Indian Agricultural Universities Association (IAUA), established to promote agricultural research and education in India. Though agricultural universities churn out trained manpower, many jobs are handled by untrained people in this sector because the field is still largely unexplored. Agriculture education is very standardised and extremely knowledge-based. The demand and supply is largely controlled, only those many students are churned out as per requirements.


Are you eligible?
You must have completed your 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics as subjects. Depending on the university, the eligibility varies in terms of a PCB/PCMB/PCA/PCM combination. Typically, admission notifications appear in newspapers with the details such as application deadlines and specific quotas for the state, central, general and reserved candidates. Admission process varies across universities, just visit the specific university websites (see table for list of select universities).


Select agriculture universities in India


Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University

Hyderabad, AP

Anand Agricultural University

Anand, Gujrat

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi, UP

Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University

Hisar, Haryana

Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

Pantnagar, Uttrakhand

Punjab Agricultural University

Ludhiana, Punjab

Rajasthan Agricultural University

Bikaner, Rajasthan

Sardar Krushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University

Banaskantha, Gujarat

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Coimbatore, TN

University of Agricultural Sciences

Bangalore, Karnataka

University of Agricultural Sciences

Dharwad, Karnataka

Visva Bharati

Santiniketan, WB

Aligarh Muslim University

Aligarh, UP

Chaudhary Charan Singh University

Meerut, UP

Kerala Agricultural University

Thrissur, Kerala

The entrance exam
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi conducts the All India Entrance Examination for entry to 15% of the total number of seats in graduate courses in State Agricultural Universities, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal and Central Agricultural University, Imphal. Check the websites of other agricultural universities for the exam calendar, 

Admission is solely based on an entrance test; there are no interviews and group discussions to stress you out, once you clear the exam! The broad arena of options available through this entrance exam includes subjects like Agriculture, Horiculture, Fisheries Science, Forestry, Home Science, Sericulture, Veterinary Science, Agricultural Engineering and Dairy Technology.

Syllabus for ICAR’s entrance exam

Stream A: Physics, Chemistry and Agriculture/Biology
Stream B: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Total No of questions: 60

Note: The test also makes you eligible for other graduate programmes such as Horiculture, Fisheries Science, Forestry, Home Science, Sericulture and Veterinary Science if you have PCB; Agriculture Engineering, Dairy Technology, Food Science and Technology, Agricultural Marketing or Banking and Co-operation if you have PCM.

Job opportunities
Agricultural giants such as ITC, Monsanto and Cargill, which are beginning to establish their presence in commercial farming as well as small farmer-led production initiatives are on the look out for young executives to handle extension services. Since agriculture is a priority area in achieving financial inclusion, many insurance companies and banks also recruit agriculture graduates.

Also, look at research and advocacy-based organisations such as Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). “Extension, that is, taking your expertise from the lab to the land and vice-versa, is the most challenging aspect,” says Dr. K M Manjaiah, Registrar (Academic), IARI, enthusiastically. For instance, the AME Foundation, an NGO which focuses on promoting agriculture in difficult circumstances, helps families which thrive on dry farming in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Should I specialise?
However, you can also pursue an M.Sc or a Ph.D in a specific branch of study. Again, entry is based on an entrance exam. There are enough seats available for M.Sc students. As more students opt for M.Sc, agricultural universities can increase the number of seats available based on the specific state (view table for some universities offering higher studies).

“Many students quit their M.Sc programme mid-way, to join a job. Don’t  focus on only getting a job. You will get one of choice once you finish your degree. A scientist, for instance, starts with a basic salary of Rs. 15,600. You get Rs. 37, 200 in hand, and the growth prospects are all uphill,” advises Prof. Gaur. The Agricultural Scientist Recruitment Board is a great place to start, which has vacancies for scientists.

If you go on to pursue an MBA in rural management, then you could work in agricultural finance, insurance, transportation, storage, grading and sales. You could also work in wholesale and retail marketing of agricultural products as well as managing private and/or cooperative businesses that sell or consume products of farmers. A specialised knowledge of the agricultural field is a requirement.

Making a difference
With its very low productivity levels, the sector offers tremendous potential for trained professionals. Besides picking up a gamut of information, you also get to practically apply it in the real world. “You make a difference to the economics of your country. Be honest, work sincerely and you will be amazed at the opportunities and satisfaction in store for you,” concludes Prof. Gaur. 

Dr. A K Sarkar,

Birsa Agricultural University

Q. What are some of the qualities and skills needed for a career in agriculture?
A.You need a good, solid background in science education, especially subjects like Mathematics, Biology and Physics. Good English language and communication skills are crucial. Students from a rural background have an edge as their exposure to farming useful.

Q. What does the course curriculum entail?
A.A general course curriculum covers all aspects of agriculture like agronomy, cultivation of crops and soil science, understanding natural resources and management. Agriculture extension is cucial, directly reflective of benefit to farmers.

Q. How does geographical diversity influence the study of agriculture?
A. Variation in terms of geography is essential. For e.g, Jharkhand is 29 percent forest resources. Punjab and Haryana are 100 percent irrigated and Bihar is river-irrigated as well. Jammu and Kashmir as well as the North East, demand an understanding of hilly track agriculture. A thorough knowledge about soil erosion, land degradation, acute water scarcity and dry land and rain agriculture is required.

Q. And the job opportunities?
A. They are immense and the most opportunities at the moment are in banks and financial institutions. Centrally-funded projects, is another. Retail marketing, state governments and seed/fertiliser companies, also offer jobs. You can immediately get a job after a BSc or pursue higher studies. There’s a dearth of assistant professors, and education and research is a decent area to opt for as well.

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